NOTES B


INHOUD —-> https://tsjok45.wordpress.com/2012/09/03/evodisku/

Bacillus thuringiensis(Bt)        deze bacterie komt voor in de natuur en scheidt eiwitkristallen uit die toxisch zijn voor een aantal insecten (vooral rupsen). Bt wordt gebruikt als biologisch pesticide. De genetische eigenschap om het toxine te maken, werd via genetische modificatie ook ingebracht in planten.

Bacillus thuringiensis with the parasporal body next to the forming endospore.
The parasporal body (or parasporal crystal) acts as a biopesticide against the caterpillar stage of over 100 species of moths.
http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/fox/cell_envelope.htm

BACTERIEËN   proto-cellige micro-organismen; slechts een erg  klein deel van deze organismen is ziekteverwekkend.
Diagram van een model-bacterie cel

 

Basic Concepts in Science: A list

July 14, 2007 John S. Wilkins

This is a list of the Basic Concepts posts being put up by Science Bloggers and others. It will be updated and put to the top when new entries are published. If you are not a Scienceblogger, email me (see below) and let me know of your post, or someone else’s. If you want suggestions for a topic to write on, just ask.

 

Recent additions:

Anyone can add to this series, even if you don’t blog on Science Blogs. Email me!

 

Physics and Astronomy

Energy by Chad Orzel at Uncertain Principles
Fields by Chad Orzel at Uncertain Principles
Force by Chad Orzel at Uncertain Principles
Measurement by Chad Orzel at Uncertain Principles
Entropy by Rob Knop at Galactic Interactions
Redshift by Rob Knop at Galactic Interactions
Understanding Electricity by Scott Aaronson at Shtetl-Optimized
Ohm’s Law by Chad Orzel at Uncertain Principles
Estimation and DImensions by Chad Orzel at Uncertain Principles
De Broglie Equation (quantum physics) by Wandering Primate
Phase changes, by Janet Stemwedel at Adventures in Science and Ethics

A shopping list of sought Basics for physics is given here by physics is fundamental at Cocktail Party Physics.

Geology

The Composition of the Earth by Chris Rowan at Highly Allochthonous
Chronology and Stratigraphy by Chris Rowan at Highly Allochthonous
Paleomagnetism by Chris Rowan at Highly Allochthonous

Skepchick has a series of articles on the origins of the earth:

Chemistry

pH by Cat at Lab Cat
Strong and Weak Acids by Cat at Lab Cat
Acids and Bases by Cat at Lab Cat
What is Food Science? by Cat at Lab Cat
Food Chemistry by Cat at Lab Cat
Elements by Janet Stemwedel at Adventures in Ethics and Science
Polar and Non-polar Molecules by Janet Stemwedel at Adventures in Ethics and Science
Intermolecular Forces by Janet Stemwedel at Adventures in Ethics and Science

Biology

Genes and Genomes
Gene by PZ Myers at Pharyngula
What is a Gene? by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
Gene by Greg Laden
New definitions of a Gene by Allen McNeill at The Evolution List
The Richard Dawkins Definition of a Gene Is Seriously Flawed by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
The Central Dogma of Molecular Biology by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
How Proteins Fold by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
Heat Shock and Molecular Chaperones by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
The Genetic Code by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
ABO Blood types by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
Genetics of ABO Blood types by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
Genetics of Eye Color by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
Collagen by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
How do you sequence a Genome? Parts I, II, III, IV, V, and VI by Ask Dr Science at Discovering Biology in a Digital World
What are Hypothetical and Putative Proteins? by Ask Dr Science at Discovering Biology in a Digital World
Linkage Disequilibrium by Razib at Gene Expression
Mutations by evolgen at Coalescence
Allele by Mike Dunford at The Questionable Authority

Evolution and Phylogenetics
Evolution by Larry Moran at Sandwalk
The Many Faces of ‘Evolution’ by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts

Understanding Natural Selection: Essential Concepts
and Common Misconceptions/T. Ryan Gregory

http://www.springerlink.com/content/2331741806807×22/fulltext.pdf
http://sandwalk.blogspot.com/2009/06/what-is-natural-selection.html
The Three Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Natural Selection by Greg Laden
Modes of Natural Selection by Greg Laden
What makes Natural Selection an adaptive process? by Carl Bajema at Evolving Thoughts
Artificial and Natural Selection by Mike the Mad Biologist
Sexual Selection by Razib at Gene Expression
Human Evolution 1001 by Greg Laden
Fitness by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Measuring Fitness by Mike Dunford at The Questionable Authority
Clade by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Species by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Primitive by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Macroevolution by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Ancestors by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Why Spiders aren’t Insects, parts I, II, III, IV, and V by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Allopatry and sympatry by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts

Ecology and Environment
What is Ecology? by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Biomes I by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Biomes: Tropical Rain Forest by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Biomes III: Tropical Dry Forest by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Biomes IV: Tropical Savannah by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Biomes V: Deserts by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Biomes VI: Temperate Grassland by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Biomes VII: Temperate Forest by Jeremy Bruno at The Voltage Gate
Conservation versus Preservation by Joshua Rosenau at Thoughts from Kansas

Developmental biology

The Pharyngula Stage by PZ Myers at Pharyngula
Gastrulation in Vertebrates by PZ Myers at Pharyngula
Gastrulation in Invertebrates by PZ Myers at Pharyngula
Neurulation by PZ Myers at Pharyngula
Allometry by PZ Myers at Pharyngula

Other or multiple topics
Artifacts and Vectors by Ask Dr Science at Discovering Biology in a Digital World
8th Grade Math (Hardy Weinberg, Genetic Variance, Molecules and Phylogenies, Kin) by Razib at Gene Expression
Biological Clock by Bora Zivkovic at A Blog Around the Clock
Anisogamy by Matt, at Behavioral Ecology Blog
Cell migration by Dan, at Migrations
Hearing by Shelley at Retrospectacle
How do we smell? by Sunil at balancing life.
Prions by Shelley at Retrospectacle
Cell Theory by Dan at Migrations
Blood Clotting by Larry Moran at Sandwalk

Teaching resources for biology
Bora Zivkovic at A Blog Around the Clock has a series of lectures as posts that teachers may find useful, his BIO101 speed-course lecture (and lab) notes. Almost none of them cover a very narrow term or concept (some come close):

Historical and social sciences

Pottery in Archeology by CFeagans at Hot Cup of Joe
Cause, Manner and Mechanism of Death [Forensic science] by William the Coroner at Dr Zeus’s Forensic Files

 

Mathematics, Philosophy, Logic and Computer Science

Statistics
Normal Distribution by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Mean, Median and Mode by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Standard Deviation by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Margin of Error by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Correlation (and Causation, and Random Variables) by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Binary Search by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Innumeracy by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Percentage and percentage points by Kristjan Wager at Pro-Science

Statistics Primer, Part 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 by Echidne of the Snakes
[Unfortunately, each post does not open in a separate window, but the whole thing is accessible from here]

General Mathematics

Multidimensional Numbers by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Vectors by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Algebra, by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Calculus by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Limits by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Recursion by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Turing Machine by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
The Halting Problem by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Real Numbers by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Algorithm by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Discrete versus Continuous [Mathematics] by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Infinity and Infinite Sums by Jason Rosenhouse at EvolutionBlog
Numbers by Jason Rosenhouse at EvolutionBlog
Metric System by Jim at Chimpanzee Refuge
Modular Arithmetic by Alon Levy at Abstract Nonsense
Theories, Theorems, Lemmas and Corollaries by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Fractals by Karmen at Chaotic Utopia

Logic and Computability
Logic by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Modal Logic by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Syntax and Semantics by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Sets by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Arguments by Janet Stemwedel at Adventures in Ethics and Science
Optimization by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Axioms by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Going Meta by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math
Parallel, Distributed, and Concurrent by Mark Chu-Carroll at Good Math, Bad Math

Philosophy, Philosophy of Science
The Feminist Theory of Science by Zuska, at Thus Spake Zuska
Falsifiable Claims by Janet Stemwedel at Adventures in Ethics and Science
Epistemology by Benjamin Cohen at The Worlds Fair
Theory by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Introductory texts for philosophy of biology by John Wilkins at Evolving Thoughts
Scientific Method by Rob Knop at Galactic Interactions
Laws and theories by Rob Knop at Galactic Interactions
Likelihood Theory by Mike the Mad Biologist

Medicine and Psychiatry

Introduction to Microbiology and Infectious Disease by Tara C. Smith at Aetiology
Normal flora, Normal Flora 2 by Tara C. Smith at Aetiology
Determining the Cause of Disease (Koch’s Postulates) by Sandra Porter at Discovering Biology in a Digital World
Seasonal Affective Disorder by Bora Zivkovic at A Blog Around the Clock
Selection of Antidepressants, Part I, Part 2 Part 3 by Corpus Callosum
Balloons, Stents and Arteries by Burt Humburg at The Panda’s Thumb
The history of hormone therapy and menopause, parts 1, 2 and 3 by Evil Monkey at Neurotopia

Learning Science

Learning Styles and Science Labs by Sandra Porter at Discovering Biology in a Digital World

In each case, read the comments too.

I’ve decided to list these by field and topic and author, respectively (this allows multiple authors to cover one topic, as in Gene).

BETACANON

http://www.kennislink.nl/kernwoorden


http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2864/Betacanon/actualiteit/index.dhtml




De Normale verdeling

Wie nu in de caravan zit, omdat het buiten regent, en bovendien kinderen in de mens-erger-je-niet-leeftijd heeft, weet het: met een dobbelsteen …



BIODIVERSITEIT          verscheidenheid aan organismen, die voorkomen in de natuur. Biodiversiteit in de context van biotechnologie betekent ook de aanwezigheid van een grote variatie aan genetische kenmerken (bv. variëteiten) van een soort.

BIOTECHNOLOGIE     de toepassing van biologische mechanismen in productieprocessen. Meer specifiek is de biotechnologie een multidisciplinaire wetenschap en technologie, die vooral steunt op de in-vitrocultuur en op gerichte genetische modificatie van microbiële plantaardige of dierlijke systemen, met het oog op het verkrijgen van nuttige producten of effecten. http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biotechnologie

BIOSTRATIGRAFIE         Bron

http://www.freethinker.nl/forum/viewtopic.php?t=6685&start=120&sid=37e9f907e19a9c46f5c986ab00d02564
CollegaVanEric (CVE)Biostratigrafie : is de wetenschap die aan de hand van microfosielen probeert een eenduidige wereldwijde tijdtabel te maken.Het probleem voor creationisten die geloven in een wereldwijde vloed is dat microfossielen zeediertjes zijn met dezelfde natuurkundige eigenschappen (zoals drijfvermogen) en dat je dus niet op basis van gewicht, intelligentie of zwemkracht een sortering kunt maken. De enige verklaring die rest is dat de soorten na elkaar geleefd hebben en niet gelijktijdig.
http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biostratigrafie

Voorbeeld: pleistocene schelpen in boring diemerbrug

Vergroting –>http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bestand:25G132_Diemerbrug_Range_Chart.jpg

BLOTS (BLOTTING )       letterlijk: vlekken.

Dit is een techniek die gebruikt wordt om bepaalde fragmenten terug te vinden na gel-elektroforese van DNA (Southern blot)-, RNA (Northern blot)- of eiwit (Western blot)-fragmenten.
DNA, RNA of eiwit wordt getransfereerd naar een membraan; waar vervolgens via DNA-hybridisatie (probes) of antilichamen (bij eiwitten) de fragmenten worden opgespoord
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Gepensioneerd . Improviserend jazzmuzikant . Instant composer. Jamsession fanaat Gentenaar in hart en nieren

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